maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs

Someone’s Motivation Fluctuates From One Moment To Another. Sometimes It Is Very Difficult To Accomplish Even A Simple Task. On The Other Hand, Some Difficult Tasks Are Finished Relatively Easily. The Success Of Some Activity Depends Of Many Factors: Skills, Experience, Energy Level, Time Of A Day, Etc. But One Of The Most Important Factors Is The Motivation.

Motivation Is Something That Pushes Us Toward Our Goal. If You Have Motivation For Some Job, You Are Working More Persistent And Longer Than Usual. But If You Are Not Motivated Enough, You Find Even The Most Simplest Tasks Can To Be Difficult, And You May Try To Find As Many Excuses As Possible, Just To Delay Or Postpone The Job.

The Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Explains How The Motivation Works. The Motivation Is Very Important Factor Necessary For Performance And Goals Achievement. Simply, If Somebody Is Not Motivated, Than The Results Of The Work Will Be Poor. Regardless Of Education, Experience And Training, Without A Proper Level Of Motivation The Performance Will Not Be As It Could Bee. The Motivators Are Working In Different Levels.

For Example, The Money Can Be Strong Motivator, But Only On The Short Run. Once Somebody Gets A Raise He/she Will Be Motivated For Some Time. But After A While, The New Salary Level Will Not Be The Motivation No Longer, Due To Adoption To A New Level.

Abraham Maslow Developed Theory Of Hierarchy Of Needs, In Order To Explain The Complexity Of Motivation. The Hierarchy Of Needs, Also Called Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs, Is Trying To Group The Various Motivators In Different Groups.

1. Physiological Level Is The Base Level Of Motivators Of Hierarchy Of Needs Within Maslow’s Theory. This Segment Covers Breathing, Food, Water, Excretion, Sex, And Sleep.

2. Safety Level Is The Next Level Of Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs. This Group Of Need Covers Personally Safety, Employment Security, Health And Property.

3. Belonging And Love Is The Next Level Of Hierarchy Of Needs In The Maslow’s Theory. This Group Contains The Need Of Belonging To Group, Family And Sexual Contact.

4. Esteem Is The Next Level On Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs. It Covers Self-esteem, Achievements, Self-confidence And Mutual Respect.

5. Self-actualization Is The Top Level Of Hierarchy Of Needs And Contains The Morale, Creativity, Openness And Clear Mildness.

The Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Plays The Important Role In The Motivation Of People. The Hierarchy Of Needs Should Be The Guideline For Building Healthy Working Environment. The Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Can Be A Good Checklist For Design Of Every Situation And A Way Of Solving Any Problem Of Motivation.

The Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Can Be Used As A Good Base For Analyzing Every Problem With Motivation. It Can Also Adress The Problem Of Employee Turnover. The Lack Of Motivation Can Be Found Everywhere, From The Kid Resisting To Go To The Kindergarten, Up To The Retired Persons, Who Can Not Find Motivation For Further Achievements, Once They Stop Working.

The Issue Of Motivation Is Very Important In Working Environments. Employers Who Are Performance Oriented Are Very Interested To Motivate Their Employees For The Best Performance. The Maslow’s Hierarchy Can Be Used As One Of The Tools That Will Analyze The Motivation Factors And Help Tailoring The Environment That Will Build Culture Of Motivated Employees Who Are Achieving Desired Performance Level.

Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs And Employee Turnover Are Topics Covered By Biz Development

Check ‘s-hierarchy-of-needs.htm For More Information About Motivation Factors

Big Bang Booming – Back To The Future

Theoretical Cosmologists Spend Much Of Their Time Perfecting What Is Now Known As The ‘big Bang’ Theory. This Concept Originates From Ideas Percolating In The Minds Of Scientists, Theologians And Astronomers Down Through The Ages. However, Much Of What They Consider As Proof For The ‘big Bang’ Is Dependent Upon Uncontrolled Experimentation That Is Molded To Meet Their Expectations.

Then God Said, “let There Be Light,” And There Was Light. This Ancient Description Of The Creation Of The Universe Found In The Book Of Genesis May Be Accurate After All. The Big Bang Theory Describes The Beginning Of The Universe As Having Been Precipitated From An Infinitesimally Small Point. In This Small Volume, All Matter And Energy Was Concentrated Until Its Contents Exploded In Either A Smooth Expansion Or An Incredibly Violent Energetic Explosion That Formed The Planets, Stars And Galaxies. Originally This Theory Had Competition From What Is Called The ‘steady State’ Theory Whereby The Universe Is Forever Expanding And New Matter And Energy Is Created Spontaneously Within The Space Left By The Receding Galaxies. However, Empirical Observations Have Directed Astronomers And Scientists Into The Acceptance Of The Big Bang Model. But How Did We Get To This Point In Our Understanding?

In The Early Part Of The Twentieth Century The American Astronomer Vesto Slipher And The German Carl Wirtz Made Some Important Astronomical Discoveries. Using Spectral Analysis, Slipher Deciphered The Mixtures Of Gases Contained In Planetary Atmospheres As Well As Nebulae. What Distinguishes His Findings Is The Discovery That Most If Not All Galaxies Outside Of Our Own Demonstrate What Is Called A ‘red Shift.’ This Shift Is Simply A Change In The Wavelength Of The Light Emitted By Those Objects Under Investigation Towards A Longer Wavelength. Wirtz Similarly Catalogued Many Red Shifts Of The Nebulae Which He Chose To Study. But It Was Still To Early For Them To Realize The Full Potential Meaning Of Their Observations. That Would Wait Until Einstein’s General Relativity Would Be Interpreted By Other Scientists Through Further Mathematical Analysis.

His Contemporaries Demonstrated To Einstein That His New Theory Of General Relativity Published In 1916 Was Not Compatible With A ‘static’ Universe Of Space Time. The Theory Predicted An Expanding Or Collapsing Universe But Not A Fixed Cosmos. Because He Personally Believed The Universe To Be An Invariable Space Time Continuum, Einstein Engaged In A Degree Of Scientific Legerdemain. To Correct What He Perceived To Be As ‘flaws’ In His Theory He Added The Contrivance Of A Cosmological Constant Known As Lambda To Force The Static Universe Into Reality. Einstein’s View Of Perfection In An Unchanging Space Time Continuum Had Led Him Down A Blind Alley As Much As Aristotle’s Concept Of Perfection Had Brought That Great Philosopher Into The Error Of Believing In A Static Earth At The Center Of The Universe.

But Even With The Addition Of The Cosmological Constant Lambda, The Universe Was Still Found To Be Unstable And This Whole Affair Would Later Be Viewed By Einstein As His “greatest Blunder.” His Cosmological Acrobatics Behind Him, Einstein Yielded The Stage To Others For A Clearer Understanding Of His Own Theory. It Fell To Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann To Consider The Consequences Of General Relativity Without The Constant Lambda Interfering With His Study Of These Relationships. In Doing So, The Russian Mathematician And Cosmologist Derived The Solution Which Predicts An Ever Expanding Cosmological Structure (1922), A Prediction Which Was Disagreeable With Einstein’s Concept Of Universal Perfection. A Couple Of Years Later, Friedmann Published His Findings In “about The Possibility Of A World With Constant Negative Curvature Of Space.” But The Entire Hypothetical Construct Still Lacked A Complete Verbalization Mathematically And Theoretically.

Enter The Reverend Father Georges Lemaitre, A Catholic Priest From Belgium. Rev. Fr. Lemaitre Provided The Equations Necessary To Formulate The Basis Of Big Bang Theory In His Work Entitled “hypothesis Of The Primeval Atom.” He Postulated That The Universe Began As A Primordial Atom Of Infinitesimal Volume And Enormous Mass Energy As Well As Space And Time And Everything Else Comprising The Future Universe. At Some Point The Universe Began With The Explosion Of This Super Atom. Lemaitre Published His Theoretical Ideas Between The Years 1927 And 1933 And Speculated That The Movement Of The Nebulae Demonstrated The Validity Of The Explosion Of His Cosmic Super Atom. Unfortunately, He Also Wrongly Believed That Cosmic Rays Might Be An After Effect Of The Super Atom’s Big Bang. These Are Now Known To Be Generated Not From A Universal Conflagration But From Galactic Sources Unrelated To The Big Bang.

However, The New Theory Still Lacked A Major Source Of Observational Support. This Would Be Provided By Edwin Hubble’s Observations Of The Redshift Of Galaxies. Taking Up Where Slipher And Wirtz Left Off, Hubble Employed A Novel Technique To Discern The Properties Of The Galactic Movements. By Choosing To Observe Stars That Are Known As Cepheid Variables He Could More Accurately Make Measurements. Cepheids Are A Type Of Star That Brighten And Darken And Lighten Back Up In Regular Periods Of Time That Are Well Known. Cepheids That Have Identical Cycle Times Of Brightening Darkening And Brightening Again Also Have Identical Or Nearly Identical Luminosity. Thus, If One Compares The Length Of The Cycle To The Amount Of Light Apparent To The Observer It Is Possible To Accurately Prepare An Estimate Of The Distance To The Cepheid.

In This Manner, Hubble Had Found That The Nebulae Or Galaxies Exhibited A Galactic Red Shift; In Other Words, That Galaxies Were Receding Away From Ours At A Speed Which Is Correlated Directly With The Distance Between Our Vantage Point And The Galaxy Being Studied. The Further Away The Galaxies Were The Faster They Appeared To Be Going In Moving Away From Us. The Results Of These Investigations Is Now Known As Hubble’s Law. Essentially, This Law States That Universe Is In An Ever Expanding Mode Whereby The Intergalactic Distances Continue To Grow Without Bound Into Infinity. Hubble’s Law Depends Upon The Shifting Of The Wavelength Of Light And After Having Been Delineated In 1929 Has Been Subsequently Proven Over And Over Again. Further, Hubble’s Constant Has Been Recalculated To A More ‘perfect’ Value And Retains A Great Probability Of Being ‘recomputed’ In The Future Based Upon New Observations.

Thus, It Should Be Clear To The Reader That Our Scientists Have A Fateful Habit Of Introducing Their Preconceived Notions Of Beauty Into Their Models. From Aristotle’s Static Earth To Einstein’s Greatest Blunder, The Constant Which Forces A Static Universe, We Proceed Only From The Wisdom Of Our Weak Minds. The More Things Change The More Things Stay The Same. Man’s Hubris Knows No Limits In Our Attempts To Understand Things Without The Wisdom To Comprehend Its Underlying Meaning. Humble We Are Not. We Are Making The Same Mistakes We Always Have. Back To The Future. To Be Continued…

Why Do Math Homework?

The Science Of Mathematics Has Been In Existence Since The Earliest Records Were Kept And Plaguing Students For That Amount Of Time As Well. Mathematics Is The Numerical Explanation Of Events And Forces. Mathematics Is The Way To Calculate Or Exactly Describe Amounts. And Math Homework Is The Way That Students Learn The Principles Of Mathematics And To Use Them As Though They Were Second Nature, Hopefully.

In The First Years Of School, Math Homework Takes The Form Of Simple Additional And Subtraction. These Are Skills That Are Simple Enough That Even A Parent Can Help With Math Homework. Addition And Subtraction Are Basic To All Forms Of Mathematics And Will Be Used Every Day For The Rest Of The Student’s Life To Balance A Check Book Or To Figure Out Just How Far Over The Speed Limit You Were Driving When You Were Stopped And Given A Ticket By The Local Traffic Cop. The Math Homework Tasks The Student Will Next Encounter Are Multiplication And Division, Which Are Really Just Ways To Shorten The Process Of Adding And Subtracting. It Makes The Process Of Dealing With Large Amounts Or Numbers Of Repetitions Of Events Much Faster, In The Long Run. Both Processes Are Built Upon The Successful Memorization Of Multiplication Tables, An Unavoidable, Loathsome Process That Will Provide Weeks Of Math Homework. However, Once Learned They Will Be Used Daily To Figure Out How Many Pounds Of Steaks To Buy For The Next Party Grill Party. Multiplication And Division Also Are Used In The Study Of Statistics, Which Is A Growing And Lucrative Profession. In Fact, Mathematic Calculations Are Used In Nearly Every Form Of Business. Math Homework Will One Day Pay Off When The Student Is Being Paid A Good Salary To Explain The Latest Sales Drive Results.

Math Homework Increases In Difficulty When Percentages And Decimals Are Added To The Curriculum. These Deal With Parts Of A Number And Are Useful In Determining How Things Are Composed. For Example, How Much Fat Does Milk Contain? All Milk Has A Milk Fat Percentage And If One Is Looking To Cut Dietary Fat, The Best Choice Is The Product With The Lowest Percentage Of Fat. When Doing Math Homework, Remember That Percentages Are Crucial To Determining The Amount Of Money That Is Saved At A Sale. Sometimes It Is A Bit Difficult To Calculate What Price 30 Percent Off Really Represents In The Heat Of The Moment. Many People Try To Calculate What 30% Of 85 Are And Then Subtract That Number From The Original Price Of $85. It Is Far Simpler To Realize That The Price Will Be 70% And It Is Far Easier To Calculate 10% Of The Price And Multiply It By 7, Thus Obtaining The Accurate Amount That You Need To Pay. However, In General, It Is Best To Just Look For Area Of The Store That Offers The Largest Percentage Off And Begin There. Hopefully, Once You Show The Student Some Practical Applications, The Math Homework Will Proceed More Smoothly.

Addressing The Needs Of Home-schooled Kids

There Is A Wide Variation When It Comes To The Public Opinion On Homeschooling. Some Are Avid Supports, While Some Do Not Find It In The Best Interest Of Children. And To Weight Out The Pros And Cons Of Homeschooling, A List Of Advantages And Disadvantages Of This Alternative Means Of Education Is Set Up.

Either Way, If It Is Really The Best Of The Learners That Is At Their Supporters And Detractors Hearts; Why Not Consider What The Learner Really Needs In Order To Achieve Learning Success Whether In The Public And Private Educational System Or Through Homeschooling.

Taking The Side Of Homeschooling, It Is Important To Evaluate And Identify The Needs Of The Children, Their Interest, The Learning Methods That Best Stimulates Their Curiosity And Inquisitiveness. This Is The Only Key To A Quality Homeschool Education – Addressing What The Homeschooled Kid Needs.

In Homeschooling Children, The Instructors May Be In The Form Of The Parents Or A Tutor Should Be Able To Commit A Time For Learning. And Homeschooling, With All The Preparations, Will Really Take Up Much Time. A Child Will Have To Be Given A Strict Time Schedule For Learning, And Time For Playing As Well.

Homeschooled Children Are Criticized To Be Less Sociable Individuals. Indeed, Socialization Is A Major Factor In Developing The Personality Of A Child. Having This In Mind, Instructors Should Give Attention To The Child Getting Together With Other Children Apart From The Home.

All Children Grow At Their Own Pace. Let Kids Be Kids. Understand That They Are Experiencing The World For The First Time. Get Involved And Be Interested In What Interests The Child. If It Is In The Arts And Crafts Field, Then Focus On That. Not Only Will It Help The Instructor Foster Rapport With The Child, But This Will Also Stimulate And Motivate The Child To Learn New Things. Give The Child Some Room To Grow And Develop On His Own With Proper Guidance.

The Effort Of Homeschooling Children Will Never Be Too Much. It Is Constant Striving To Address The Children’s Needs And This Will Greatly Vary As You Go Along. Children Grow And Develop, And Sooner Or Later Will Be Interested In New Things. And When This Time Comes, The Instructor Should Always Be Ready To Cater To The Children’s Requirement For Learning.

20 Secrets To Surviving In Your First Semester At University

20 Secrets To Surviving In Your First Semester At University Or College

Arriving At University Or College Will Be Daunting For Everyone. For Many It May Mean Living Away From The Parental Home For The First Time, Which On Its Own May Be Daunting Enough. You Will Most Likely Have A Hundred Questions And A Hundred Fears; What Will It Be Like? Can I Cope With The Workload? Will I Be Able To Fit In? It May Help To Know That Everyone Will Be Feeling Similar, Though Some May Hide It Better Than Others.

Invariably The Vast Majority Of Freshers Will Be Pleasantly Surprised. The University Or College Will Be Populated By A Broad Variety Of People, From Many Walks Of Life With A Diverse Range Of Outlooks And Opinions. Look Beyond The Initial Confines Of Your College, House Or Dorm, The Establishment Will Have Many More People Who Will Share Similar Interests To Yourself. Some Of The Tips We Have Received From Other Students:

1. Meet As Many People As You Can, Introduce Yourself, Smile And Be Confident. Everyone Is In The Same Boat Whether He Or She Appears To Be Or Not.

2. Be Yourself. Real Friends Will Want To Know You For Who You Are, Warts And All!

3. Keep Your Opinions About Others To Yourself Until You Know Whom You Can Trust

4. Take Your Washing To The Laundry. Dont Save It All Up To Take Back Home To Mum At The Hols. She Really Wont Want Five Minging Black Bags To See To.

5. Have A Good Time

6. Join A Few Societies At First Week Fairs. If Youre Not Sure Its For You But Are Interested Take Note Of An E-mail/ Contact Address To Get More Details Later. Its Sometimes Hard To Find The Right Contacts Later, Its A Big Place.

7. Phone Home And Let Your Family Know Youre All Right, (even If You Dont Exactly Feel It). Theyre Probably More Worried Than You Are.

8. Everyone Feels At Least A Little Homesick At First, And Worried Or Just On A Down. Talk To New Friends You Feel You Can Trust, And Maybe Write/call Friends At Home.

9. Youre At Uni For A Few Years, Make The Most Of It, Its Over Before You Know It. Then Youll Miss The Freedom And Long Holidays.

10. Keep In Touch With Family And Friends At Home, E-mail Is Easiest.

11. Dont Hang Round With One Little Group Ignoring Everyone Else. Youll Miss Out On The Chance Of Making Other Good Friends As Well.

12. Seriously Dont Be Careless With Your Money – It Is The Little Extras Here And There That Have A Way Of Quickly Draining Your Bank Account!

13. Dont Let Peer Pressure Turn You Into A Beer-monster; You Dont Have To Drink All The Time. If Friends Have A Problem With You Ordering Soft Drinks When You Want, Theyre Probably Not The Friends You Need. Drinking Soft Drinks Is Easier On The Pocket, Not To Mention Healthier.

14. Beer Sessions.. It’s A Good Idea To Leave The Beer Until The Weekend When You Haven’t Got To Worry As Much About Getting It Together The Next Day.

15. Don’t Let Everything Get Bottled Up. Talk To Somebody, Family And Friends Or A Student Help Line. Being Away From Home, Especially For The First Time Can Make You Feel Well Lonely And Lost. Talking About It Usually Puts Everything Into Perspective.

16. Cooking. The Curry House On The Corner May Do Student Specials. Take-away Burgers May An Easy Option When You Have A Stack Of Work To Do. But Your Money Won’t See You Through The Term. It Really Will Be Like Throwing It Away. Try Cooking. Get A Few Basics In, Salt, Pepper, Gravy Mix, (goes With Everything). If Youre House Sharing, Perhaps Chip In. Veg Stews Are Pretty Easy, Gut-filling And Cheap, Especially If You Go To The Veg Shop. Youll Find A Good Cookbook Worth The Investment Too. Ask The Bookshop For One For The Catering Students Course! Itll Have Everything Step By Step.

17. When Youre Going Out For The Night. Take Just As Much As You Need, Or Want To Spend. Its Very Easy To Have A Few More Beers When Youve Already Had A Few.

18. Clubs And Stuff, Almost All Charge A Joining A Fee Or Pay-as-you-go. They Are Excellent For Meeting People, Blowing Off Steam, Getting Invites, Finding Something To Take Your Mind Off Your Subjects For An Hour Or Two. But They Can Have A Scary Impact On Your Pocket. Whilst You May Want To Try Climbing, Sky Diving, Hockey And Archery, Stick To A Few You Know Youll Like And Will Be Able To Keep Up With. You Wont Have Time For All Of Them Anyway.

19. Live Your First Year As Best As You Can, Youre Only A Fresher Once.

20. The ”b” Word .. When You Have A Fat Student Loan In Your Bank Balance, The Easiest Thing To Do Is Spend It, Its Just Sitting There Itching To Be Used. Dont. (or Starve) Theres This Word Youll Know Very Well By The Time You Leave University ”budget”. Plan Ahead So You Dont End Up With Too Much Debt. Sit Down And Work Out What Youve Got Coming In, What Has To Go Out, Rent Etc. If Theres Anything Left Over Divide That By How Many Weeks Until The Next Cheque Clears. Then Half That; You Will Need Panic Money Some Way Down The Line. Remember Theres Always Stuff Youll Need That You Dont Put In The Budget, Stuff You Just Overlook – Shampoo, Photocopying, And Toothpaste.

Importance Of Studying Cultures

What Is A Culture To An Average Citizen? For Some It Is Something They Learn At School, For Some These Are Norms Of Etiquette, For Some Folklore Of The Definite Country. None Of These Individuals Is Completely Right. A Culture Is A Composite Of All The Features Mentioned Above And A Lot More. A Culture Is What Surrounds You, What Is In You And What Are You Trying To Understand. This Definition Sounds Quite Philosophically, But As You Know All The Sciences Are Interconnected And Integrate In Harmony To Help A Human Being To Find His Place In This World. Knowledge Of Any Culture Makes A Person Richer Than David, Wiser Than Solomon. People Are Used To Judging About A Person By His Knowledge Of Different Cultures And Their Customs. If To Apply This System Of Assessment Now, The Results Will Be A Bit Below The Expected Level.

Ancient Cultures Have Always Been A Matter Of Interest For Students And Scholars. We Believe That Ancient Cultures Have The Answers To Questions We Always Ask Ourselves And Consider Them To Be Philosophical. This Is Quite Possible If To Recollect That Most Of Present Day Inventions Have Ancient Discoveries As A Base. Therefore Many Scholars Still Strive To Decipher Some Of Egyptian Inscriptions Left In Tombs Of Pharaohs. First Written Record Was Found On Stones. The Usual Topic Is Hunting, Or Ritual Performing. Step By Step These Carps Developed Into The Alphabet That Was Used By Ancient Egyptian Monks To Write Down Spells, Prayers And Documents. After The Discovery Of Papyrus They Started To Write Books And Keep Them Is Special Buildings That Later Will Be Called Libraries. The Biggest Loss Of The World Of Culture Was The Destruction Of The Library In Alexandria, Established By Great Queen Cleopatra. Some Of Wax And Clay Boards Used For Writing Are Still Safe And Kept In The British Museum, The Main Facility To Keep Artifacts From Egypt And Other Former Colonies. Other Major European Cultures That Are Famous All Over The World Are Ancient Greek And Roman That Gave The World A Number Of Geniuses That Developed Sciences And Arts. Asian Cradle Of Ancient Cultures And Religions Is Situated In Two Countries: India And China. Their Development Started Long Before Greek Nation Was Formed And Some Of Their Masterpieces Still Remain A Mystery For The World.

The World Of Wonders Is Big Enough And There Is Always A Lot To Learn And To Research. But No Matter How Attractive These Wonders Seem, You Have To Be A Profound Expert In Your Own Culture, Which Is Your Pride. We Were Brought Up As Patriots And The Duty Of A Good Citizen Is To Know And To Respect The Culture Of A Country And To Make A Good Contribution To It. The Truth Is That Culture Starts Within Us, Our Attitudes, Demeanors And Thoughts.